Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pests and their associated damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment. One goal of an IPM program is to use pesticides more judiciously than in the past to reduce the risk of pesticide exposure.
The key elements of IPM include:
- Knowledge of pest biology and behavior
- Mechanical control
- Cultural control
- Minimized/low toxicity pesticide applications only when necessary